Xi'an Basic Information 西安

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1> General Introduction
Xi'an, the capital of Shaanxi Province, was called Chang'an in ancient times. It is situated in the central part of Weihe Plain. With the Qinling Mountains to the north and the Weihe River to the south, it is also the largest city in northwest China.  As one of China's seven ancient national capitals, it served as the capital for 12 dynasties spanning more than 1,000 years. Xi'an therefore, has a great number of precious relics and historical sites. More than 4,000 historical sites and tombs have been excavated and over 120,000 historical relics remain unearthed. It was the home of "Lantian Man," who lived some 600,000 years ago, and of a Neolithic community (four thousand to five thousand years old) whose remains have been found in what is now called Banpo Village.

Xi'an leads to the western regions and commands the central plains in the east-because of this important geographical location, it was the capital of eleven imperial dynasties, whose splendor is visible in the area to this day.

During the Middle Ages, Xi'an was one of the biggest cities in the world and a center of international trade. The famous Silk Road started here, traversed the Middle East, and ended at the Mediterranean. The bustling metropolis was host to thousands of foreign envoys, students, monks, and merchants, who all converged on the city from Southeast Asia and beyond.

Today, Xi'an is a major industrial center. But is it the brilliant ancient relics assembles here that people come to see, in what is sometimes called the "cradle of Chinese civilization." 

Often called a "living museum", the Terracotta Warriors from the Qin Dynasty, along with other relics and excavations that are nearby, such as the restored city wall, the Big Goose Pagoda, and the Banpo Neolithic Village tell the story of why Xi'an is considered to be such an invaluable historical site in China. Some other main tourist attractions include, Big Wild Goose Pagoda, Small Wild Goose Pagoda, Huaqing Hot Springs, Stele Forest, Great Mosque, QianLing Mausoleum, Famen Temple and Maoling Mausoleum.

There is a strong Islamic influence in Xi'an that can be best appreciated in the Muslim district near the center of the city where one can visit the Great Mosque.

The weather in Xi'an is seasonal. Summer in Xi'an is hot and rainy while winter it is usually cold and dry. Spring and autumn would be the best season to visit Xi'an.

3> Communications
Xi'an is situated in the very heart of China's transportation network. It is easy to reach by plane, train and bus.
Xi'an is served by the Xianyang Airport, which is located around 45 kilometers from the city, about one hour's drive. As the fourth largest airport in China, there are several flights to and from Xi'an to the major tourist stops such as Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Chengdu, Urumuqi and other cities. There are also a few flights to Lhasa and international flights to Hong kong, Macao and Japan.
Xi'an Xianyang Airport is located in the outskirts of Xi'an City, Shanxi and was opened in 1991. The rapid growth in air traffic in north western China has led it to require further investment. Xi'an Xianyang airport will see its airport terminal building expanded with new investment buying boarding bridges, air conditioning equipment, and other passenger terminal building equipment. Read More
Visitors can take a taxi to the airport for about 80 yuan/10 USD.

As a historical and ancient city in China, Xi'an is rich in cultural relics, antiques and artworks. The replicas of Terra-cotta Warriors and Horses, paper-cuts and folk paintings are the most popular buys in Xian. These items, as well as many more are sold in antique shops at street markets around the city. The luxurious shopping areas are centered mainly along Dong Dajie, Nan Dajie and Jiefang Lu. Department stores usually open at about 9 am and close at 10 pm.

Department store
Century Ginwa Shopping Mall
Located between the ancient Bell tower and Drum tower, Century Ginwa Shopping Mall is a high quality, exclusive shopping center. There are over sixty world-famous brands for discriminating customers, including Bally, Burberry, Dior, Givenchy, Lancome, Estee Lauder, and many more all of which make Ginwa a fashion center in Xian.
Minsheng Department Store: located at No. 103, Jiefang Lu. The business hour is 9:00-20:30
Kai Yuan Shopping Mal
Kai Yuan Shopping Mall is situated in Dongdajie. It is regarded as one of the biggest shopping mall in Xi'an. With reasonable prices and good quality commodities as well as good services, Kai Yuan enjoys a good reputation in Xi'an and is a very popular shopping mall.

5>Souvenirs & Art & Crafts Shop
Shu Yuan Men
Shu Yuan Men is a well-known street in ancient style located under the ancient city wall behind the Forest of Steles in Xian. Numerous local arts & crafts including the replicas of antiques, paintings, paper-cut are sold on the crowded street all year round. It is a place that most tourists will come during their first visit to Xian.
Xian Antique Market
Xian Antique Market is located at the intersection of Zhuque Lu and Nan Erhuan Lu (Southern 2nd Ring Road) near the Small Wild Goose Pagoda. There are also various antiques sold in the street. Serious curio collectors from over the country seem to vie with visitors in seeking treasure. You need to remember very few of the exquisite looking products you see at the market are real.
Wenbaozhai Tourist Shopping Center
It is situated at No.5 Yanta Lu Zhongduan. The shopping center enjoys a good reputation among tourists. There are silk rugs, woolen blankets, silk clothing, jewels, jade articles, calligraphy, paintings, historical relics, antiques, model clay figures of warriors and horses, and bronze cars and horses on offer.
Peasant Painting Gallery
It is situated in the east suburban of Xi'an city. The Gallery exhibits a great number of Peasant Paintings as well as other folk crafts such as paper-cuts and shadow puppets. If you are interested in the craftsmanship, you can ask some of the craftsmen to teach you how to paint the puppet and cut the paper. It is a popular shopping place for tourists from home and abroad.

6>Featured  Restaurants

Defachang Restaurant
The restaurant established in 1936 has a history of 70 years in providing fine dumplings.The stuffed dumpling originated in Beijing. The dumpling is made from a fine, thin pastry stuffed full with different fillings. The dumpling banquet has many fillings including chicken, duck, fish, shrimp and many more. It can be steamed, boiled,or fried. The many ways to make the dumpling provide the chiefs with a great scope to use their immagiation. The dumpling has many different tastes and looks.
Add: Bell&Drum Tower Square;   Tel: 86-29-87214060

May-First Hotel
Chang'an Chinese style Snacks with May First steamed Bun as the head combinn in all delicious snacks, Chang'an Chinese Style Snacks has won great popularity because of its prompt selling style.
Steamed bun series like stuffed with shrimps, sweetened bean paste, lotus sauce, Chinese sauerkraut, mushroom, chicken and shellfish are beautiful in shape in shape and delidious in taste. The bubble oil cake, being given the title of "Chinese Famous Snack" by Chinese Domestic Trade Ministry, is like a bubble.
Fried cakes with meat in cured sauce is a unique talent in Shaan'xi snacks, known as Chinese Hamburg. The meat in cured sauce is full of rich fragrance. Oiled crisp cake in thousands of layers, with distint layer and non-greasiness with the reputation of "First Cake in West Qin".
Rice noodles is a popular food throughout the year. Fried tenacious noodles fried rice noodles, steamed bread lf corn, corn cake, tens of vegetables cooked in earthenware pot, fried chicken leg, and fried chicken wing are offered for your free choosing.
Having high quality, varieties, low price, convinient, clean and prompt service, all guests including the rich and the poor will stop to enjoy the food.
Chang'an Style Snack makes serving people, devoting to the society, developing Chinese Style Snack as its own responsibility. Sincerely hope to get your care and support.
Add: NO.351 Dongda Street,Xi'an ; Tel: 86-29-87681098

Last Updated ( Friday, 19 June 2009 16:44 )  

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