China World Heritage

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World Heritage Preservation in China

With changes taking place in social and economic conditions, a growing number of ancient ethnic traditions, cultures, customs, modes of living and environments are suffering from increasing serious threats of destruction. It is detrimental not only to unique and precious cultural heritage but also to the historical, social and psychology dignity of local nationalities.
On November 6, 1972, the General Conference of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) at its 17th session adopted the Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage. In 1976, UNESCO set up the World Heritage Committee, an inter-governmental cooperative body, under the Convention. The committee is responsible for including cultural and natural treasures of outstanding universal value on the World Heritage List.
World heritage is divided into three types: natural, cultural (including cultural sites) and the combination of natural and cultural heritage. All sites on the World Heritage List receive financial and technical aid. In the meantime, they become better known worldwide and are protected by pressure from the international community.
China ratified the Convention in 1985, becoming a contracting party, and became a member state of the World Heritage Committee on October 29, 1999. In 1986, China began to identify and nominate sites on its national territory to be considered for inscription on the World Heritage List. So far, the number of its sites on the List has reached 35.
Nomination and inclusion of natural and cultural properties on the World Heritage List is nonetheless the final goal of world heritage work. World Heritage conservation is a continuous process. Listing a site does little good if it subsequently falls into a state of disrepair or if a development project risks destroying the qualities that made the site suitable for World Heritage status in the first place. The final goal of highlighting those most valuable representatives and carriers of information and beauty throughout history and in our natural environment arouses mankind's attention to protect and preserve them for future generations.

World Heritage in China

 

 

World Heritage List

Category and Date

1

Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries -- Wolong, Mt. Siguniang and Jiajin Mountains

Natural    2006

2

Yin Ruins

Cultural   2006

3

The Historic Center of Macao

Cultural   2005

4

The Capital Cities and Tombs of the Ancient Koguryo Kingdom

Cultural   2004

5

Three Parallel Rivers of Yunnan

Natural    2003

6

Yungang Grottoes in Datong, Shanxi Province

Cultural   2001

7

Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties

Cultural   2000 2003 2004

8

Longmen Grottoes

Cultural   2000

9

Xidi and Hongcun Villages, Museums of Ming-Qing Architecture in Southern Anhui

Cultural   2000

10

Mount Qingcheng and the Dujiangyan Irrigation System

Cultural   2000

11

Dazu Rock Carvings

Cultural   1999

12

Mount Wuyi

Natural & Cultural  1999

13

The Temple of Heaven

Cultural   1998

14

The Summer Palace

Cultural   1998

15

The Ancient Town of Lijiang

Cultural   1997

16

Classic Gardens in Suzhou

Cultural   1997

17

The Old Town of Pingyao

Cultural   1997

18

Mount Emei and the Leshan Giant Buddha

Natural & Cultural  1996

19

Mount Lushan

Cultural   1996

20

Taoist Buildings on Mount Wudang

Cultural   1994

21

The Confucian Temple, Cemetery and Family Mansion in Qufu

Cultural   1994

22

The Potala Palace

Cultural   1994 2000 2001

23

Mountain Resort and Outlying Temples, Chengde

Cultural   1994

24

Wulingyuan Scenic Area

Natural    1992

25

Scenic Wonders of Huanglong Scenic Area

Natural    1992

26

Jiuzhaigou Scenic Area

Natural    1992

27

Mount Huangshan

Natural & Cultural  1990

28

Mount Taishan

Natural & Cultural  1987

29

The Mausoleum of the First Emperor of the Qin Dynasty and Terracotta Warriors and Horses

Cultural   1987

30

The Mogao Grottoes

Cultural   1987

31

Zhoukoudian, Home of Peking Man

Cultural   1987

32

Imperial Palaces of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Beijing and Shenyang

Cultural   1987 2004

33

The Great Wall

Cultural   1987

 

 

Last Updated ( Monday, 08 June 2009 13:32 )